Wherefore art thou, inclusion? Analysing the development of inclusive education in New South Wales, Alberta and Finland

Linda J. Graham, Markku Jahnukainen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    95 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Over the last two decades, moves toward 'inclusion' have prompted change in the formation of education policies, schooling structures and pedagogical practice. Yet, exclusion through the categorisation and segregation of students with diverse abilities has grown, particularly for students with challenging behaviour. This paper considers what has happened to inclusive education by focusing on three educational jurisdictions known to be experiencing different rates of growth in the identification of special educational needs: New South Wales (Australia), Alberta (Canada) and Finland (Europe). In our analysis, we consider the effects of competing policy forces that appear to thwart the development of inclusive schools in two of our case study regions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)263-288
    Number of pages26
    JournalJournal of Education Policy
    Volume26
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011

    Keywords

    • Comparative
    • Inclusion
    • International comparative case study
    • Special education

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