Who stops at one: evidence from Australia

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract


The decline in fertility in Australia in the 1990s reflected both decreased first order birth rates and decreased second order birth rates (Kippen 2004). Whilst childlessness has been studied extensively, little attention has been paid to the progression from one to two children. This study analyses which women with parity one do not progress to parity two or more, using data from 1809 parous 40-54 year olds from the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey. A woman’s birthplace, highest level and type of schooling, her father’s occupation, and the intactness of her parents’ relationship are shown to be important early lifecourse predictors of whether a she stops her childbearing at one child. A woman’s age at first birth, marital status, health, occupation, labour force participation and attitudes to religion and to leisure activities are shown to be significant later life correlates of her progression to a second birth. The implications for public policy are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2006
EventBiennial conference of the Australian Population Association (13th : 2006) - Adelaide
Duration: 5 Dec 20068 Dec 2006


ConferenceBiennial conference of the Australian Population Association (13th : 2006)


  • family size
  • birth control
  • fertility, human


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