In this article we present a pedagogical introduction of the main ideas and recent advances in the area of topological quantum computation. We give an overview of the concept of anyons and their exotic statistics, present various models that exhibit topological behaviour and establish their relation to quantum computation. Possible directions for the physical realization of topological systems and the detection of anyonic behaviour are elaborated.
|Number of pages||24|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 8 Jan 2008|
- Quantum computing
- Topological models
- Topological quantum computation