Wideband near-field correction of a fabry-perot resonator antenna

Ali Lalbakhsh*, Muhammad U. Afzal, Karu P. Esselle, Stephanie L. Smith

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A systematic approach to correcting electric near-field phase and magnitude over a wideband for Fabry-Perot resonator antennas (FPRAs) is presented. Unlike all other unit-cell-based near-field correction techniques for FPRAs, which merely focus on phase correction at a single frequency, this method delivers a compact near-field correcting structure (NFCS) with a wide operational bandwidth of 40%. In this novel approach, a time-average Poynting vector in conjunction with a phase gradient analysis is utilized to suggest the initial configuration of the NFCS for wideband performance. A simulation-driven optimization algorithm is then implemented to find the thickness of each correcting region, defined by the gradient analysis, to complete the NFCS design. According to the predicted and measured results, the phase and magnitude distributions of the electric near field have been greatly improved, resulting in a high aperture efficiency of 70%. The antenna under NFCS loading has a peak measured directivity of 21.6 dB, a 3 dB directivity bandwidth of 41% and a 10 dB return loss bandwidth of 46%, which covers the directivity bandwidth. The diameter of the proposed NFCS is 3.8 λ 0c , which is around half that of all the other unit-cell-based phase-correcting structures, where λ 0c is the free-space wavelength at the central frequency of the NFCS (13.09 GHz).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1975-1980
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Volume67
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

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