In the context of an international comparison this article focuses on theories and concepts of "modernization" losers. For this purpose a typology is introduced, considering both the objective and subjective aspects of being a loser. The typology proposes four groups: absolute winners and losers, and supposed winners and losers. Our analysis tests to which extent characteristics of the winner and loser groups impact political attitudes (for example, self-placement on a left-right axis). The distribution of modernization losers and winners is not only determined by economic developments, but may also be altered by political initiatives, such as public welfare expenditure.
|Number of pages||26|
|Journal||SWS - Rundschau|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|