Woes that plague the future demographic dividends of Pakistan

Muhammad Aftab Alam, Nadeem Talib, Omar Khalid Bhatti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The demographic structure plays a significant role in economic
growth and development of a country. The statistics of Crude Birth Rate
(CBR), Crude Death Rate (CDR) and Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) in
Pakistan reveals that it is in the state of demographic transition. The
expected influx of working age population provides a window of golden
opportunity for economic growth. On the other hand, a dawdling
response from administration manifests in the shape of unemployment,
skill deficiency, and extremism. Let alone the underlying opportunities,
weak policies and mishandling of future demographic structure may lead
to untenable ferocity, crimes, and national instability.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Research in Social Sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • demographic transition
  • dividend
  • economy
  • institutions


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