Word imagery but not age of acquisition affects episodic memory

Veronika Coltheart*, Eugene Winograd

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Evidence is presented from two experiments and from a reanalysis of data published by Christian, Bickley, Tarka, and Clayton (1978) that the chronological age at which a word is acquired does not affect free recall or recognition memory. Morris's (1981) report, that late acquired words are better recalled than early acquired words, was not replicated and appears to be attributable to a difference in the emotionality value of his lists. Although the data are consistent with an interpretation in terms of semantic, but not episodic, memory tasks' being sensitive to word age of acquisition, it is suggested that a more fine-grained analysis is necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-180
Number of pages7
JournalMemory & Cognition
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1986
Externally publishedYes


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