S. E. Bernstein and T. H. Carr (1996) and P. M. Pexman and S. J. Lupker (1995) suggested that classifiable individual differences in word-naming performance can account for the varied findings on the naming and memory load task (NMLT; K. R. Paap & R. W. Noel, 1991). Bernstein and Carr's technique of testing their explanation by using performance on part of the NMLT to classify participants is problematic, however. To remedy this, in the present study participants were classified on the basis of performance on a priori tasks: Participants completed a naming task, a naming task with low memory load, and the NMLT. Performance on the NMLT was not predicted by performance on either a priori task, thus providing no support for either Bernstein and Carr's or Pexman and Lupker's individual differences accounts.
|Number of pages||19|
|Journal||Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1998|