Work-family conflict in four national contexts

A closer look at the role of individualism-collectivism

Tejinder K. Billing*, Rabi Bhagat, Emin Babakus, B. N. Srivastava, Mansoo Shin, Fran Brew

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, we examine the role of cultural variations conceptualized in terms of vertical and horizontal individualism and collectivism in the prediction of work-family conflict in four distinct national contexts of the United States, Australia, South Korea, and Japan. The results of our study suggest that vertical individualism is a strong predictor of work-family conflict across cultural and national boundaries. The findings indicate the importance of cultural dimensions as correlates or predictors of work-family conflict - especially, it highlights the role of the two components of the polythetic construct of individualism-collectivism: horizontal and vertical. Implications are discussed for future research in the area of international and cross-cultural studies of work-family conflict-related issues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-159
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Cross Cultural Management
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 13 Aug 2014



  • Cultural variations
  • individualism-collectivism
  • work-family conflict

Cite this