Work-family conflict in four national contexts: A closer look at the role of individualism-collectivism

Tejinder K. Billing*, Rabi Bhagat, Emin Babakus, B. N. Srivastava, Mansoo Shin, Fran Brew

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    28 Citations (Scopus)


    In this study, we examine the role of cultural variations conceptualized in terms of vertical and horizontal individualism and collectivism in the prediction of work-family conflict in four distinct national contexts of the United States, Australia, South Korea, and Japan. The results of our study suggest that vertical individualism is a strong predictor of work-family conflict across cultural and national boundaries. The findings indicate the importance of cultural dimensions as correlates or predictors of work-family conflict - especially, it highlights the role of the two components of the polythetic construct of individualism-collectivism: horizontal and vertical. Implications are discussed for future research in the area of international and cross-cultural studies of work-family conflict-related issues.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)139-159
    Number of pages21
    JournalInternational Journal of Cross Cultural Management
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 13 Aug 2014


    • Cultural variations
    • individualism-collectivism
    • work-family conflict


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