The article explores the profile of Zeus as the contending king of gods in Aeschylus' Prometheus Bound and the sculptures decorating his famous temple at Olympia. I argue that both sources portray violence as an indispensable stage of political struggle which will eventually give way to a phase of political benevolence. Thus, one can appreciate Zeus' transformation from a tyrant to the divine upholder of justice in the new-fangled Athenian democracy, but, also, his continuous appeal as the epitome of the ideal ruler, especially as the Athenians claimed the leadership of Greece in the aftermath of the Persian Wars. In the Hellenistic period, the Macedonian kings also employed Zeus' royal status, as celebrated at Olympia, to legitimize their own claims to power.
|Number of pages||22|
|Journal||MAIA-Rivista di Letterature Classiche|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
- Ancient Greek political ideals