ZFIRE: galaxy cluster kinematics, Hα star formation rates, and gas phase metallicities of XMM-LSS J02182-05102 at zcl=1.6233

Kim Vy H Tran*, Themiya Nanayakkara, Tiantian Yuan, Glenn G. Kacprzak, Karl Glazebrook, Lisa J. Kewley, Ivelina Momcheva, Casey J. Papovich, Ryan Quadri, Greg Rudnick, Amélie Saintonge, Lee R. Spitler, Caroline Straatman, Adam Tomczak

*Corresponding author for this work

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We spectroscopically survey the galaxy cluster XMM-LSS J02182-05102 (hereafter IRC 0218) using LRIS (optical) and MOSFIRE (near-infrared) on Keck I as part of the ZFIRE survey. IRC 0218 has a narrow redshift range of 1.612 < zspec < 1.635 defined by 33 members of which 20 are at Rproj < 1Mpc. The cluster redshift and velocity dispersion are zcl = 1.6233 ±0.0003 and ±cl = 254 ±50 kms-1. We reach NIR line sensitivities of ∼0.3 10-17 erg s-1 cm-2 that, combined with multi-wavelength photometry, provide extinction-corrected H α star formation rates (SFR), gas phase metallicities from [N II]/Hα, and stellar masses. We measure an integrated H α SFR of ∼325 M⊙yr-1 (26 members; Rproj < 2 Mpc) and show that the elevated star formation in the cluster core (Rproj < 0.25Mpc) is driven by the concentration of star-forming members, but the average SFR per Hα-detected galaxy is half that of members at Rproj ∼ 1Mpc. However, we do not detect any environmental imprint when comparing attenuation and gas phase metallicities: the cluster galaxies show similar trends with M ∗as to the field, e.g., more massive galaxies have larger stellar attenuation. IRC 0218s gas phase metallicity-M ∗ relation (MZR) is offset to lower metallicities relative to z∼0 and has a slope of 0.13±0.10. Comparing the MZR in IRC 0218 to the COSMOS cluster at z = 2.1 shows no evolution (Dt ∼1 Gyr): the MZR for both galaxy clusters are remarkably consistent with each other and virtually identical to several field surveys at z ∼2.

Original languageEnglish
Article number28
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 20 Sep 2015

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2015 The American Astronomical Society. First published in the Astrophysical journal, 811(1), 28, 2015, published by IOP Publishing. The original publication is available at http://www.doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/811/1/28. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • galaxies: abundances
  • galaxies: clusters: individual (XMM-LSS J02182-05102)
  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: fundamental parameters


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